WHY STUDY IN CANADA
Have you ever wondered why people are flocking to this English-speaking, frigid North-American country? In fact, Canada has seen a steady increase in education tourism in the last few years. For the nine consecutive years, the UN survey claimed Canada to be among the top three places in the world to live. The country is a peace-loving, friendly, caring and secure society. This constitutional monarchy believes in equality, diversity, and respect for all individuals, thanks to the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and the Canadian Multiculturalism Act.
Canada has also repeatedly claimed the top spots in categories like ‘the best place to live’ and ‘best place to study’. It also ranks high in entrepreneurship, employment, and tourism in various international surveys and standards assessments. Students who want overseas education recognise the value proposition it offers—high-quality institutions at an attractive price in a safe, beautiful, multicultural, progressive, and welcoming atmosphere. They lap up Canada’s excellent combined offer of high-quality education with opportunities for working both while and after studying and a chance to possibly immigrate after the completion of studies.
Higher education, which is also called post-secondary education in Canada, is available in both government-supported and private institutions. Postsecondary education refers to all kinds of formal education beyond secondary school, degree-granting education or not. These institutions offer degrees, diplomas, and certificate courses, depending on the length of the programme and the nature of the institute. In Canada, universities are no longer the sole degree-granting institutions. A recognised postsecondary institution, which can be both private and public, too can grant degrees, diplomas, and other credentials.
1. A high-quality education in world-class institutions
A Canadian degree, certificate, and diploma is considered equivalent to the degrees in other Commonwealth countries and the US. Canada’s universities maintain high standards of academic excellence and are consistently recognised in top international rankings. In 2012, four Canadian universities: University of British Columbia, McGill University, McMaster University and University of Toronto, were listed in the top 100 colleges by ARWU Shanghai Rankings. The QS University Ranking had five more: Universität de Montréal, HEC Montréal University of Alberta, Queen’s University, the University of Waterloo in its list of top 100s.
2. Wide range of programmes and courses to choose from
Universities, colleges, and other post-secondary education institutions offer a range of programmes in a wide variety of purely academic and skill-oriented professional and technical fields. Canadian universities offer more than 10,000 undergraduate and graduate degree programmes, as well as professional degree programmes and certificate courses. Students can also choose to pursue various workshops, short courses, and upgrades for skilled workers and professionals side by side to their main degree programme. Some institutions offer specialised courses from a wide range of fields like fisheries, agriculture, apiary, paramedical technology, etc. However, fields such as telecommunications, medicine, agriculture, computer technology, business studies, and environmental science are the most sought after by Indian students.
3. Low cost of education
Tuition fees for foreign students in Canada are the lowest compared to the US, UK, and Australia. The average cost for a foreign student for one year in an undergraduate programme is CAD 11, 903. Fees for bachelor’s degrees at the US public universities are almost 1/3 higher than Canadian universities. Compared to private universities in the US, fees in Canadian universities for undergraduate programmes were found to be less than half.
4. Multiple scholarship opportunities
The Canadian government recognises that international students bring fresh ideas to Canada and contribute a great deal to various disciplines and the industry with the knowledge they bring from their home countries. This is the reason why the federal, provincial, and territorial governments of Canada as well as various public and private organisations, provide several scholarships and bursaries to deserving international scholars.
5. Safe and peaceful atmosphere
Canada is a relatively safe and peaceful country. The rate of violent crimes decreased for ten consecutive years in the period of 1993 to 2003. Firearms are strictly controlled and are generally not permitted, unlike the US. The Global Peace Index consistently ranks Canada among the top 10 safest countries to visit in the world. It is also relatively unaffected by natural disasters.
6. Multicultural country with deep democratic values
Canada is a country of immigrants and follows a policy of fostering multicultural diversity. The Canadian society comprises of almost all of the world’s ethnic groups. You will easily find the most ethnic foods and cultural activities. You will easily find informal clubs and associations representing various ethnicities. People of Canada are generally very open-minded and respectful of different perspectives. Over the past century and a half, Canada has welcomed 15 million immigrants. Canada is also home to over one million aboriginal people, including First Nations, Métis, and Inuit communities.
7. Easier visa acquisition
One of the most exciting aspect while considering studying in Canada is that the process of acquiring a Canadian study visa is relatively relaxed. Students increasingly face issues and complain about the strict visa norm of the US. It has led to international students being diverted to other countries. The Canadian government has left no stone unturned in reaping the benefits of the tightened US visa system post 9/11.
8. An exciting and beautiful place to live
There is a great diversity in the landscape of Canada as it is a large country situated near the Arctic Circle surrounded by three oceans (the Pacific, Atlantic, and the Arctic). Canadian cities are famous worldwide for their beauty and they attract a large number of tourists each year. There are four very distinct seasons and the temperature varies a great deal throughout the year depending on the distance from the ocean and the Arctic Circle.
EDUCATION IN CANADA
The country has reported public expenditure on post-secondary education of more than 30 billion dollars every year. Depending on the nature of the institution and the duration of the course, tertiary level education is available in both government and private institutions offering degrees, diploma, certificates and attestations. The placement figures and career opportunities for graduates from Canadian universities are remarkably high as a result Canadian schools are ranked amongst top ten institutions in the world which result in maximum students filling submissions to study in Canada during every intake. Students studying in Canada have great chances of becoming the most successful experts and are wanted by some of the top recruiters of the world.
Following are the degrees generally awarded by Canadian higher education institutes.
- Certificate Level (one year)
- Diploma level (two years)
- Advanced Diploma (three years)
- Fast track Diplomas or Advanced Diploma (1 or 2 years)
- Post-graduate Diplomas/Certificates (one or two years)
- Master’s Degree (one to two years)
- M.Phil. Degree (two years)
- Doctorate or PhD (four to seven years)
There are 163 recognised public and private universities and 183 recognised public colleges and institutes in Canada. These include the ones granting applied and bachelor’s degrees. In addition, there are 68 university-level institutions and 51 college-level institutions recognised as authorised institutions. These institutions, however, offer a few selected programmes that are approved in accordance with the provincially established quality assurance programmes.
TOP 10 UNIVERSITIES FOR FOREIGN STUDY IN CANADA ARE:
Given below is the list of top 10 universities in Canada:
- University of Toronto
- University of British Columbia
- University of Waterloo
- McGill University
- University of Montreal
- University of Alberta
- McMaster University
- University of Calgary
- Simon Fraser University
- Queen’s University
TOP COURSES TO STUDY IN CANADA FOR INDIAN STUDENTS:
- Engineering – all specializations
- health sciences
- Information technology
- Business management
- Animation / VFX / Graphics Designing
- Hospitality management
- Fine Arts
- Environmental Science
- Computer Science
STUDY ABROAD IN CANADA: WHEN AND HOW TO APPLY :
Canadian universities, mostly, invite and accept applications individually, which can be found and completed online on their websites. However, some provinces have a centralised application system for universities, such as the Ontario Universities Application Centre (OUAC). You can apply to multiple universities by means of a single application through these platforms. Deadlines for applications are generally later than other countries. Applications do not open until October and deadlines range from January to June. Many universities have multiple start dates too. While September is usually the start date, many universities start accepting applications in January or even May. You must track the important dates of individual universities to avoid losing out on options.
The general criteria for application are mentioned below:
- The minimum TOEFL score required by most universities is 80-84(internet-based test) for PG courses.
- Most universities and colleges accept equivalent IELTS and PTE Academic scores.
Undergraduate study in Canada
- Universities in Quebec require a minimum 13 years of secondary school education, i.e. an additional year of formal education after the 12th standard or intermediate degree. Most others require a minimum of 12 years of elementary and secondary education. However, if your academic credentials are very impressive, some universities may consider your application even with 12 years of education.
- Minimum aggregate marks of 70% in 12th grade for bachelor’s degrees, and above 50% for diplomas and advanced diplomas.
- Mathematics in class XII (a prerequisite for some sciences, technology, and business courses).
- Minimum required IELTS/PTE Academic scores with an overall score of 6.0 bands or equivalent PTE scores
Masters in Canada
- Most universities require a qualification equivalent to the Canadian bachelor’s degree, which requires 16 years of formal education. It would mean another year of education after Indian bachelors or a four-year bachelor’s degree course like B.E., B.Tech. Or other such courses.
- Minimum required IELTS / PTE Academic scores with a minimum score of 6.5 bands as an overall score for PG Diploma and 7.0 bands for a master’s degree. Some universities accept equivalent PTE scores too.
- Relevant work experience (some universities require this for MBA and Master’s Degree in IT)
Doctorate in Canada:
- For doctorate programmes, most universities require a master’s degree in that subject. However, universities might consider your application without a master’s degree in exceptional cases.
STUDENT LIFE IN CANADA
Students won’t see any shortage of shopping malls, art galleries, theatres, cafeterias, and exhibition hall in the urban areas. Canadian cities and towns are rich in open to public gardens, beaches, parks, sports and leisure facilities. Students can also indulge in a number of cultural festivals like the sounds of the Calgary Stampede, Montreal International Jazz Festival, enjoy an NHL match, and many others.
One of the most important reasons why you should study in Canada is because of its welcoming and heartwarming environment. Canada is a peaceful country and is considered very safe for living. The crime rate in the country has declined over the years.
Safety of students is something very important in the country. Most of the universities keep campus security for the whole day. All universities in Canada have 24×7 campus security which includes security patrol cars and campus security office is always there to solve students’ grievances. Certain universities have also instigated the ‘Walk Safe’ programme, in which the students can easily get access to public conveyance during late-night hours. The Canadian Automobile Association (CAA) provide roadside assistance if your vehicle breaks down while driving in Canada. All Cabs in Canada have assistance information found in the backseat. Also, as per the United Nations, Canada is among the top 10 countries to live in the world.